Κυριακή, 25 Οκτωβρίου 2015

MUST-SEE ART MASTERPIECES



MONA LISA

WHERE TO SEE IT: THE LOUVRE MUSEUM, PARIS

It's the masterpiece of all masterpieces, the most famous, most discussed and most enigmatic of all paintings. It's the portrait of a woman, said to be named Lisa Gherardini, painted by Leonardo da Vinci between 1503 and 1506. It's been on permanent display in Paris since 1797, except for a period of two years when it was stolen in 1911 before returning to the Louvre Museum in 1913. The depicted smile has continuously captured the world's imagination ever since.


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THE LAST SUPPER

WHERE TO SEE IT: SANTA MARIA DELLE GRAZIE CONVENT, MILAN 

Da Vinci's other masterpiece depicts one of the Bible's most famous scenes. Unlike most other great works of art, it is not in a museum, but covering a wall of a convent in Milan with limited access to visitors. Painted between 1494 and 1498, it's been speculated that one of the twelve apostles seen at the table with Jesus Christ is actually a woman, Mary Magdalene. That played a central role in the best-selling fiction novel "The Da Vinci Code" by Dan Brown.



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SISTINE CHAPEL'S CREATION OF ADAM

WHERE TO SEE IT: APOSTOLIC PALACE, VATICAN CITY 

The world's most famous fresco covers the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican Museum. Michelangelo took four years to paint the scene from the Old Testament of God creating Adam, and the iconic image of their hands touching has been reproduced countless times.


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DAVID

WHERE TO SEE IT: ACCADEMIA GALLERY, FLORENCE 

This is perhaps the greatest masterpiece of Renaissance sculpture. Michelangelo created it between 1501 and 1504 out of marble, representing the nude body of Biblical hero David. Measuring 5.17 meters (17 ft), it stood in Florence's main square but is now in the city's Accademia Gallery to protect it from damage. A replica has replaced it at the original location.


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PIETÀ

WHERE TO SEE IT: ST. PETER'S BASILICA, ROME 

Michelangelo was just 25 years-old when he presented this life-sized sculpture of the Virgin Mary holdings Jesus Christ at St. Peter's Basilica in Rome, in 1500. He had observed dead bodies as a teenager, and that may explain the realism in this dead Christ that other sculptors never achieved. Also remarkable is the fact that it was all sculpted from one single block of marble.


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WHERE TO SEE IT: REINA SOFIA MUSEUM, MADRID 

Picasso's most famous work dates from 1937 and presents the tragedy of war in an effort to draw attention to the bombing of Guernica (a Basque town) by the Germans. It's an enormous painting, measuring over 3 meters (11 ft).


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THE SCREAM

WHERE TO SEE IT: NATIONAL GALLERY, OSLO 

This is part of a series of expressionist paintings by Edvard Munch. The background is a landscape in Norway, and depicts a screaming figure symbolizing the anguishes of modern life. There are four versions, painted between 1893 and 1910. Two of them are now in Oslo's National Gallery, while another is in the same city's Munch Museum. The fourth was sold in 2012 for close to 120 million dollars. The oldest version (from 1893) is in the National Gallery, and was stolen in 1994 but recovered months later. Another version was stolen in 2004 from the Munch Museum, and recovered in 2006.


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 STARRY NIGHT

WHERE TO SEE IT: MUSEUM OF MODERN ART, NEW YORK 

Van Gogh's most famous painting shows the village of Saint-Rémy and is considered his greatest masterpiece. The view is that of his asylum's bedroom window, and was painted from memory in 1889. It's been in New York since 1941.


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THE BIRTH OF VENUS

WHERE TO SEE IT: UFFIZI GALLERY, FLORENCE 

Painted by Botticelli between 1485 and 1487, this is the goddess Venus being born, emerging from the sea. No one really knows where it was first displayed, but it was commissioned by the Medici family in Florence. It's become one of the most reproduced images of all time.

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VENUS DE MILO

WHERE TO SEE IT: LOUVRE MUSEUM, PARIS

This sculpture has survived for over 2100 years, with the exception of the original arms. It dates all the way back to between 100 and 130 B.C., and depicts Aphrodite (or Venus to the Romans), the Greek goddess of love and beauty. Made of marble, it is slightly larger than life size, and is one of the most famous ancient Greek sculptures. It was discovered in a farmer's field in the Greek island of Milos in 1820, and soon acquired by France.

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Sistine Chapel

Prado Gallery

Smitsonian Natural Museum of Natural History





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